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‘I was banned from the WTO for defending people’s rights’

Alberto Villarreal writes: Trade deals affect people’s everyday lives from the food we eat to the energy we use, and should not be discussed behind closed doors. And yet, this is exactly what is happening at this year’s upcoming World Trade Organization meeting in Buenos Aires from 10-13 December. Also, Noam Chomsky on the WTO.

Alberto Villarreal, Common Dreams

Trade deals affect people’s everyday lives from the food we eat to the energy we use, and should not be discussed in secret, behind closed doors. Yet sadly, this is exactly what is happening at this year’s upcoming World Trade Organization meeting in Buenos Aires from 10-13 December.

Friends of the Earth International has been advocating for a fair and sustainable trade agenda for over two decades, yet this is the first time we have been banned from participating in the WTO.

In an unprecedented move, the Argentine government revoked our accreditation, together with 60 individuals from a diverse range of trade unions, farmers’ and consumer rights organisations.

The official reason for our ban is that we have “been making explicate calls for violent protests on social media, desiring to create scenes of chaos and intimidation.” Yet this information can be disproved simply by checking our Twitter account, which has never made incitements to violence.

“Locking people out of the WTO will only further undermine its legitimacy.”

At the same time, we do not shy away disagreeing with many of the pro-corporate policies and deals being pushed by the WTO and the Argentine government, which are often stumbling blocks for action on climate change.

WTO Summit to Ignore Price Crisis, Agricultural Dumping
Timothy Wise, Commmon Dreams
Around the world, chronically low crop prices are keeping farmers from making a living despite record harvests

When India’s National Solar Mission, which aims to bring energy to millions of people by building 100 GW of solar energy, was found “guilty” by the WTO of creating local jobs, we spoke up.

We have also protested WTO policies that penalise and prohibit developing countries from undertaking public stockholding programmes. This blocks food sovereignty for the world’s poorest, and livelihoods for peasant, indigenous and small-scale farmers, yet allows the EU and USA to provide massive global market distorting subsidies that beef up agribusiness interests while ruining farmers abroad.

A crackdown on our rights to debate and oppose such trade policies is an attack on our ability to decide what kind of world we want to live in. The backlash against civil society by President Mauricio Macri’s government in Argentina is worrying, and reveals the true face of his government: neoliberal, corporate and serving one-per-cent of the population.

It’s therefore hardly surprising that the multinational corporate lobbyists representing the likes of Shell, Amazon and Monsanto all got to keep their WTO accreditation and will wine and dine officials, as is the usual practice. It is these same multinationals that own or orchestrate the supply chains for over 50% of world trade, yet account for only 2% of the world’s jobs.

If WTO Director General Roberto Azevêdo allows the meeting in Argentina, he is complicit in attempts to silence the voice of civil society. Locking people out of the WTO will only further undermine its legitimacy.

This decision is part of on an ongoing pattern of decreasing transparency in trade deals. The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) being negotiated by 16 Asian countries is done so almost completely in secret, and offers limited to no meaningful public participation. Most elected officials will have, at best, limited access to the negotiating texts, under strict confidentiality rules, and these will remain out of reach for civil society groups and citizens. The ad-hoc and often token stakeholder consultations are far from sufficient to make the process transparent or participatory.

“Citizens have a right to know how the deal is being negotiated, who is influencing it, and what is being put on the table.”

Millions of Europeans that protested against the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) were driven to action by the devastating impact of the deal on people and the environment, but also the fact that it was negotiated behind closed doors. People want a say in determining their future.

Around 30% of the Global World Product is trade related. These negotiations will impact people’s jobs, domestic regulations and healthcare. Citizens have a right to know how the deal is being negotiated, who is influencing it, and what is being put on the table.

There are many international negotiations that provide a greater degree of transparency. For example, the United Nations Inter-Governmental Working Group on Multinational Enterprises with regards to Human Rights, in which civil society are seen as an active partner, give observers and experts a chance to attend sessions and provide input.

Regardless of attempts’ to silence us, we will continue demanding a new trade system—one which is based on the cooperation of people, direct fair trade networks between producers and consumers, decent jobs, a sustainable environmental policy, human rights, responsible energy and food sovereignty for local communities.

Alberto Villarreal is Trade and Investment Campaigner at Friends of the Earth Latin America and the Caribbean. He is based in Uruguay.

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It’s unfortunate that industrialised nations are so inward looking in the area of agricultural trade, particularly since hardly 2 to 3% of their population depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Nairobi has paved the way for famines of the future. (Also read: Digest of articles on the recently concluded WTO talks)

A grain of truth: RCEP and the corporate hijack of Indian agriculture
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A combination of debt, economic liberalisation, subsidised imports, rising input costs and a shift to cash crops (including GM-cotton) has caused massive financial distress to small farmers in India. The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), a trade deal now being negotiated by 16 countries across Asia-Pacific, could accelerate this process.

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In 1996, the World Bank directed India to move 400 million people out of agriculture. Former PM Manmohan Singh had repeatedly expressed the need to shift 70% farmers. Only then will cheap labour be available for infrastructure development. The economic design is well laid out. Agriculture is being killed for economic growth.

Arms, Agribusiness, Finance and Fossil Fuels: The Four Horsemen of
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There is a notion that we can just continue as we are, with an endless supply of oil, endless supplies of meat and endless assault on soil, human and environmental well-being that intensive petrochemical agriculture entails. Given the statistics, this is unsustainable, unrealistic and a recipe for continued resource-driven conflicts and devastation.

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Globalization seems to be looked on as an unmitigated “good” by economists. Unfortunately, they miss the point that the world is finite. We don’t have infinite resources, or unlimited ability to handle excess pollution. So we’re setting up a “solution” that is at best temporary. Here’s why globalization is, in fact, a very major problem.


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